AskDefine | Define quinone

Dictionary Definition

quinone n : any of a class of aromatic yellow compounds including several that are biologically important as coenzymes or acceptors or vitamins; used in making dyes [syn: benzoquinone]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. any of a class of aromatic compounds having two carbonyl functional groups in the same six-membered ring

Translations

quinone
  • Italian: chinone

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

"DDQ" redirects here. DDQ is also the former callsign of a TV station in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.
Benzoquinone, or quinone is one of the two isomers of cyclohexadienedione. It has the molecular formula C6H4O2. Orthobenzoquinone is the 1,2-dione, whereas parabenzoquinone is the 1,4-dione.
Orthobenzoquinone is the oxidized form of catechol (1,2-dihydroxybenzene), while parabenzoquinone is the oxidized form of hydroquinone. An acidic potassium iodide solution reduces a solution of benzoquinone to hydroquinone, which is oxidized back with a solution of silver nitrate.
Quinone is also the name for the class of compounds containing either benzoquinone isomers as part of their structure. Quinones are not aromatic, but are dienes. The carbonyl groups are ketone-like.

Biochemistry

Quinone is a common constituent of biologically relevant molecules (e.g. Vitamin K1 is phylloquinone). Others serve as electron acceptors in electron transport chains such as those in Photosystems I & II of photosynthesis, and aerobic respiration. A natural example of quinones as oxidizing agents is the spray of bombardier beetles. Hydroquinone is reacted with hydrogen peroxide to produce a fiery blast of steam, a strong deterrent in the animal world. Quinones can be partially reduced to quinols.

Oxidizing agents

Benzoquinone is used in organic chemistry as an oxidizing agent. Stronger quinone oxidising agents exist; for instance: 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-parabenzoquinone (also known as p-chloranil) and 2,3-dicyano-5,6-dichloro-parabenzoquinone (also known as DDQ).

References

quinone in German: Chinone
quinone in Spanish: Quinona
quinone in French: Quinone
quinone in Italian: Chinoni
quinone in Dutch: Chinon (chemie)
quinone in Japanese: キノン
quinone in Polish: Benzochinon
quinone in Portuguese: Quinona
quinone in Vietnamese: Quinon
quinone in Chinese: 醌
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